High frequency circuit boards

The increasing complexity of electronic components and switches continually requires faster signal flow rates, and thus higher transmission frequencies. Because of short pulse rise times in electronic components, it has also become necessary for high frequency (HF) technology to view conductor widths as an electronic component.

Depending on various parameters, HF signals are reflected on circuit board, meaning that the impedance (dynamic resistance) varies with respect to the sending component. To prevent such capacitive effects, all parameters must be exactly specified, and implemented with the highest level of process control.

Critical for the impedances in high frequency circuit boards are principally the conductor trace geometry, the layer buildup, and the dielectric constant (er) of the materials used.

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Design of HF circuit boards

Multi CB supports you starting immediately in the design phase. We help you to find appropriate substrates, dimensioning the conductor width and spacing, as well as with calculating the impedances.

The impedance defined by the customer is checked for manufacturability by our CAM station engineers. A calculation model is selected depending on the layer stackup, the circuit board layout, and the impedances requested by the customer. This results in possible modifications needed for the layer buildup, as well as necessary adjustments to the relevant trace geometries.

Materials used for HF circuit boards

For many applications, it is sufficient to use FR4 material with an appropriate layer buildup. In addition, we process high-frequency materials with improved dielectric properties. These have a very low loss factor, a low dielectric constant, and are primarily temperature and frequency independent.

Additional favourable properties are high glass transition temperature, an excellent thermal durability, and very low hydrophilic rate.

We use (among others) Rogers or PTFE materials (for example, Teflon from DuPont) for impedance controlled high frequency circuit boards. Sandwich buildups for material combinations are also possible.

Material Resin / Reinforcement εr Data sheet
Isola Duraver (FR4) Epoxy 4,75@1MHz Isola E-Cu 104i
Isola IS620 Epoxy   Isola IS620
Taconic TLX PTFE 2,5@10GHz Taconic TLX
Taconic TLC PTFE 3,2@10GHz Taconic TLC
Rogers 4350B Polymer / ceramic 3,7@10GHz Rogers 4350B

Complete overview of available circuit board materials

Depending on the stock on hand, the materials listed may be replaced by technically equivalent or similar products. For critical tolerances, please discuss your requirements with our engineers.

Impedance checks

After the manufacture of high frequency circuit boards, the impedances are checked (with a precision of up to 5%), and the detailed results are recorded exactly in a test protocol.

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Pricing Examples

Printed Circuit Boards always include:

- E-Test
- Solder-stop 2x
- Marking print 1x
- Gerber-Import
- Scoring (series)
- Design-Rule-Check

- Tooling costs
- Photoplot
- Conductors 150μm
- Drill holes 0,3mm
- Unlimited drilling
- HAL, FR4 1,6, 35μm Cu

Prototypes
2 layers - 5 WD
41,- €
1 Printed circuit board 100x100mm
4 layers - 5 WD
98,74 €
1 Printed circuit board 160x100mm
6 layers - 6 WD
158,20 €
1 Printed circuit board 160x100mm
Series
e.g. 100 pcs. PCB 100x100mm
2 layers - each
3,74 €
 
4 layers - each
5,64 €
 
6 layers - each
7,30 €
 
8 layers - each
14,25 €
 
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max. 200x300mm - 3WD
47,50 €
1 Stencil, including 1000 pads
max. 600x600mm - 3WD
90,44 €
1 Stencil, including 2500 pads
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